Simple Answers to Medical Questions

Signs & Symptoms

What Causes a Clicking Jaw and Popping Jaw Joint (TMJ)?

Movement of the joint is known as articulation and is usually a silent process. However, sometimes there may be abnormal sounds and sensations emanating from a joint during movement. One of the common such occurrences involves the jaw joint known as the temporomandibular joint or TMJ for short. This is the joint between the lower jawbone (mandible) and skull (temporal port) where articulation between the two bones occur.

Clicking of the jaw joint is a fairly common occurrence and sometimes becomes a chronic problem. Sometimes there may be resistance with a sudden pop during jaw movement. Clicking and popping are symptoms of some underlying problem of the jaw joint referred to as temporomandibular joint dysfunction.

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What Causes Stomach Pain (Gastric Pain)?

Stomach pain is a common occurrence in every person’s life but it is important to differentiate what is meant by this term. It is not uncommon for most people to refer to abdominal pain in general as stomach pain. However, the stomach is a specific part of the gastrointestinal tract, a hollow muscular organ that lies between the esophagus (food pipe) and small intestine (small bowel). Therefore stomach pain in the true sense refers to pain in the stomach organ. In order to understand the location of the pain it is important to first identify the location of the stomach.

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Where is Appendix Pain Located and What are the Symptoms?

Appendix pain is any extreme discomfort or tenderness associated with some disease of  the appendix, the small outpouching from the cenum of the large intestine. Anatomically, it is more correctly known as the cecal appendix or vermiform appendix. Tenderness or pain associated with the appendix is a symptom due to a disease. It is difficult for any person to conclusively in a specific region of the abdomen as being appendix pain. Other symptoms accompanying the pain must be noted and diagnostic investigations need to be conducted in order to confirm that the pain is really originating from the appendix. Remember that the abdomen is packed with various organs and tissues, all of which lie closely to each other.

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What is Biliary Colic? Gallstone Pain or Bile Duct Stone Pain


Biliary colic is a sudden attack of severe pain that arises in the upper middle or right upper abdomen near the rib cage, often radiating to the back or shoulder. It is caused most frequently by a gallstone becoming impacted in the cystic duct – the tube that is connected to the gallbladder. Biliary colic may also occur due to an impacted stone in the common bile duct (CBD) – the duct that empties bile into the intestine. The pain of biliary colic is often excruciating and may be accompanied by nausea or vomiting. It may last for a few minutes to several hours and may subside spontaneously or with pain relievers.

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What is Colic in Babies? Infantile Colic and Colicky Newborns

Most newborn babies cry for a number of reasons but if a well-fed and healthy baby cries for more than 3 hours a day, more than 3 days per week, for at least 3 weeks, the infant may be suffering from colic. Although distressing and exhausting for the parents, colic is a self-limiting condition which eventually settles on its own and does not harm the baby in any way. It usually starts or becomes more intense a few weeks after birth but normally settles by 3 to 4 months of age. The term colic may be used in various medical contexts so the correct term for colic in babies is infantile colic.

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